Research Paper Sociolinguistics
Iranian EFL Learners and Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Critical Cultural Awareness

Mostafa Ghaffari; Davud Kuhi; Morteza Aslrasouli

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 October 2021

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.60485.592

Abstract
  Critical cultural awareness (CCA) as an essential element of intercultural competence has attracted a myriad of scholars in the fields of language teaching, communication studies, cultural studies, gender studies, ethnic studies among others. That is why this study aims to investigate the attitudes of ...  Read More

Research Paper Teacher Education
Learning to Become L2 Teachers: Prospective Teachers’ Professional Identity Development

Mahsa Mahmoodarabi; Parviz Maftoon; Masood Siyyari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 March 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.64791.658

Abstract
  Learning to teach is conceptualized as a complex process of identity development. To address this process, this study explored Prospective Teachers’ (PTs) professional identity development at different stages of learning to teach within a four-year Second Language (L2) initial teacher education ...  Read More

Research Paper Education
The Effects of Age, Gender, Teaching Experience, Teaching Context, and Academic Degree on Iranian English Teachers’ Classroom Management Behaviors

Mansoor Ganji; Fatemeh Musaie Sejzehie

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 March 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.65363.668

Abstract
  Research has shown that classroom management plays a critical role in facilitating effective learning, making it a permanent concern for teachers as well as researchers. In the related literature, one area which needs further consideration is to explore the effect of different personal and contextual ...  Read More

Research Paper Psycholinguistics
Prediction of Iranian EFL Learners’ Production of Request Speech Act and Communication Apprehension by the Big Five Personality Traits

Meisam Mirzaei Shojakhanlou; Raziyea Mahmoudi; Farahman Farrokhi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 April 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.64863.660

Abstract
  Given that students’ personality traits can have a powerful role in language learning, this study sought to investigate how well L2 leaners’ communication apprehension and request speech act can be predicted through the components of the Big Five Personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, ...  Read More

Research Paper Teacher Education
Uncovering Domains of Novice Language Teachers’ Professional Decision Making and Pedagogical Reasoning

Zia Tajeddin; Mozhgan Soleimani Aghchay

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 April 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.67081.685

Abstract
  Decision-making and pedagogical reasoning constitute the foundation of teacher professional practice. This qualitative study was conducted to explore novice Iranian EFL teachers’ professional decision-making and pedagogical reasoning in the three domains of (1) planning and preparation, (2) classroom ...  Read More

Research Paper Testing
EFL Teachers Assessment Literacy Needs Inventory: A Case of Fulcher’s Assessment Literacy

Mohammad Reza khodashenas; Hossein Khodabakhshzadeh; Purya Baghaei; Khalil Motallebzadeh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 May 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.63731.639

Abstract
  Language assessment literacy has been addressed in a wealth of research. However, many studies have attempted to measure teachers’ assessment literacy, there is still a gap that prompted us to investigate the area from the EFL teachers' assessment literacy needs perspective. To accomplish ...  Read More

Research Paper Testing
Dynamic Assessment in Brown’s Graduated Prompts Model vs. Poehner’s Model: Grammatical Accuracy in One-Paragraph Narrative Essays

Shohreh Bahrami Qalenoee; Jamileh Rahemi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 June 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.62601.618

Abstract
  Over the past decades, writing assessment research has been concentrating on alternative methods with a social-oriented view of assessment, including dynamic assessment (DA). Given the lack of research juxtaposing the interventionist and interactionist DA frameworks in the area of narrative writing, ...  Read More

Research Paper Interlanguage Pragmatics (ILP)
Cultivating L2 Pragmatic Comprehension through Computerized vs. Non-Computerized Instruction, Multiuser Virtual Environments (MUVEs) and Mobile Augmented Reality Games (MARGs)

Amir shakouri; Ali Malmir; Rajab Esfandiari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 June 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.67508.693

Abstract
  Pragmatic comprehension is a central albeit under-researched dimension of pragmatic competence in which most EFL learners suffer from serious deficiencies; therefore, the current study was launched to compare the effects of the Non-Computer Mediated Instruction (NCMI) with Computer-Mediated Instruction ...  Read More

Research Paper CALL & MALL
Synchronous-Asynchronous Blending or Fully Real-Time Course Delivery? Implications for Distance Language Education

Fatemeh Nami

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 July 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.64715.656

Abstract
  Parallel with the global outbreak of Covid-19 disease in 2020 which widely affected the educational milieu, many institutions of higher education shifted to fully online blended and/or synchronous courses and programs. The extent to which each of these modalities (i.e. fully online blended courses versus ...  Read More

Research Paper Teacher Education
Developing Productive Teacher Immunity by Providing Tailor-Made Teacher Education: A Constructive Endeavor?

Leila Dobakhti; Mohammad Zohrabi; Sevda Masoudi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 September 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.68537.710

Abstract
  The present study strived to determine the utility of tailor-made and learner-difference-based teacher education for the amelioration of the EFL teachers’ productive teacher immunity. To this end, 62 EFL teachers were selected from 12 language institutes in Urmia, Iran. The participants were randomly ...  Read More

Research Paper Applied Linguistics
Cross-cultural CMC-Based Study of Speech Act of Criticism in Response to School Reopening during COVID-19

Maryam Farnia

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 October 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.65791.674

Abstract
  The purpose of this cross-cultural CMC-based study is to investigate how the speech act of criticism is realized in the Instagram comments by Persian and English-speaking users in response to an announcement in Fall 2020 about school reopening during COVID-19. To this end, 400 Persian and English comments ...  Read More

Research Paper Applied Linguistics
Reliance on Student Engagement: Do Academic Degree and Teaching Experience Matter?

Behzad Nezakatgoo; Adel Dastgoshadeh; Kaveh Jalilzadeh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 October 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.65567.671

Abstract
  This study was an attempt to examine the relationship between the academic degree and teaching experience of Iranian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers and their reliance on student engagement. To this end, eight EFL teachers (male and female) with different teaching experiences and academic ...  Read More

Research Paper Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
The Effects of Scaffolding Techniques on IELTS Candidates' Horizontal Grammatical Variability: A Mixed Method Study

Hamed Abbasi Mojdehi; Abbas Ali Zarei; Rajab Esfandiari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 October 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.68731.715

Abstract
  Grammatical accuracy has always been a concern for most Iranian EFL learners. This grammatical variability is more visible in the writing of Iranian IELTS candidates. In this study, the impacts of (distributed, peer and reciprocal scaffolding on IELTS learners' horizontal grammatical variability ...  Read More

Research Paper Teacher Education
Teacher Assessment Identity in Motion: The Representations in E-Portfolios of Novice and Experienced EFL Teachers

Masoomeh Estaji; Farhad Ghiasvand

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 18 October 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.70302.741

Abstract
  Teacher assessment identity (TAI) is a pivotal segment of teachers’ professional identity and practice that has recently gained momentum in second/foreign language research. However, its developmental trajectories in light of digital technologies over time have remained uncharted, to date. To ...  Read More

Research Paper Interlanguage Pragmatics (ILP)
Does Interlanguage Pragmatic Measure Enhancement Change the Data Pattern? A Mixed Method Approach

Rasoul Mohammad Hosseinpur; Abdolreza Lowni; Maryam Lowni

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 October 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.68389.704

Abstract
  The field of Interlanguage pragmatics has always reflected on its methodology, and the validity of the collected data through various data collection methods and whether they approximate the authentic data have always been serious concerns in the field. Drawing upon Schauer’s (2009) taxonomy of ...  Read More

Research Paper Education
Effect of Dialogic Tasks on Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Learning Anxiety: Focus on Moderating Roles of Gender and Levels of Proficiency

Mohammad Reza Namy Soghady; Nafiseh Hosseinpour; Mohammad Reza Talebinejad

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 December 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.68227.701

Abstract
  This study investigated the effects of dialogic tasks on Iranian English as Foreign Language learners' language learning anxiety considering the moderating effects of the learners’ gender and levels of proficiency as well. A total number of 213 male and female Iranian EFL learners within the ...  Read More

Research Paper Teacher Education
Exploring Changes in TEFL Candidates’ Recurring Cognitive Patterns: A Scenario-Based Study

Homa Jafarpour Mamaghani; Seyyedeh Fahimeh Parsaiyan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 December 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.65663.673

Abstract
  Over the last three decades, Second Language Teacher Cognition (SLTC) and the factors affecting teachers’ cognitive patterns have turned into one of the concerns within the realm of Second Language Teacher Education (SLTE). The inconsistency of the findings concerning the role of teacher education ...  Read More

Research Paper CALL & MALL
Exploring the Role of 5E-Based Online Activities in English Language Students’ Critical Thinking and Creativity

Melissa Vafaeikia; S. Susan Marandi; Masood Siyyari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 December 2022

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.69234.723

Abstract
  The 5E Learning Cycle Model (Bybee, 1990) is an instructional design model which has roots in inquiry-based learning and constructivism and has received much support in non-EFL-related literature as a way to improve 21st-century skills, such as critical thinking and creativity, among students and to ...  Read More

Research Paper Applied Linguistics
Active Learning as an Approach to Fostering EFL Learners’ Speaking Skills and Willingness to Communicate: A Mixed-methods Inquiry

Zeinab Azizi; Ehsan Namaziandost; Parisa Ashkani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 January 2023

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.70542.744

Abstract
  Emerging as a novel instructional approach, Active Learning (AL) is predicated on paving the way for students to actively explore knowledge and reflect on the learning processes. Despite its robust theoretical foundations, AL has rarely been implemented by English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers ...  Read More

Research Paper CALL & MALL
GTALL: A GNMT Model for the Future of Foreign Language Education

Vahid Reza Mirzaeian; Katayoun Oskoui

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 January 2023

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.69268.724

Abstract
  The world of foreign language education has been immensely influenced by the glory of emergent machine translation (MT) technologies including Google Translate (GT) (Knowles, 2022). Considering that end users' perceptions reflect GT practicality, ample research has been conducted regarding language learners’ ...  Read More

Research Paper Teacher Education
Facet Variability in the Light of Rater Training in Measuring Oral Performance: A Multifaceted Rasch Analysis

Houman Bijani; Salim Said Bani Orabah

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 07 January 2023

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.63589.634

Abstract
  Due to subjectivity in oral assessment, much concentration has been put on obtaining a satisfactory measure of consistency among raters. However, obtaining consistency might not result in valid decisions. One matter that is at the core of both reliability and validity in oral performance is rater training. ...  Read More

Research Paper Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
The effect of Conceptual Metaphor on Writing Creativity and Metacognitive Writing Awareness

Ghasem Vadipoor; Rajab Esfandiari; Mohammad Bagher Shabani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 February 2023

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.66211.678

Abstract
  The present paper examines the theory of conceptual metaphor, using the theoretical framework of the cognitive writing model to improve EFL learners’ writing creativity and metacognitive writing awareness. To that end, 120 male and female EFL Bachelor-of-Arts (BA) students majoring in English language ...  Read More

Research Paper Education
The Comparative Effects of Neurofeedback Training (NFT) and English Instruction through the Total Physical Response (TPR) Method on the Attention of Young Learners with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Masumeh Taie; Reza Rostami; Massood Yazdanimoghaddam

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 February 2023

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.68504.709

Abstract
  Attention plays a vital role in education. Children who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from impairing levels of inattention. ADHD is a relatively common childhood disorder (Scahill & Schwab-Stone, 2000), which, if left untreated, results in adverse consequences (American ...  Read More