Research Paper Language Skills
1. The Effect of Direct, Indirect, and Negotiated Feedback on the Tense/Aspect of EFL Learners in Writing

Moussa Ahmadian; Ehsan Mehri; Rozhin Ghaslani

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 1-32

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.37680.352

Abstract
  L2 written corrective feedback has been investigated from different perspectives in SLA research (e.g. Ahmadian & Tajabadi, 2015; Bitchener & Knoch, 2010; Ferris, 2006). Taking the cognitive and sociocultural paradigms into account, the aims of the current study are twofold: Firstly, it attempts ...  Read More

Research Paper Testing
2. Investigating Gender and Major DIF in the Iranian National University Entrance Exam Using Multiple-Indicators Multiple-Causes Structural Equation Modelling

Hamdollah Ravand; Gholamreza Rohani; Tahereh Firoozi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 33-61

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.49509.460

Abstract
  The generalizability aspect of Construct validity, as proposed by Messick (1989), requires that a test measures the same trait across different samples from the same population. Differential Item functioning (DIF) analysis is a key component in the fairness evaluation of educational tests. University ...  Read More

Research Paper CALL & MALL
3. Examining the Effects of Writing Instruction through Blogging on Second Language Writing Performance and Anxiety

Jalil Fathi; Saeed Nourzadeh

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 63-91

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2019.40300.378

Abstract
  This study investigated the effects of blog-mediated instruction on English-as-a-foreign language (EFL) learners’ writing performance and anxiety. In addition, it aimed to probe into the EFL learners’ attitudes towards blog-mediated writing instruction. The participants of the study included ...  Read More

Research Paper
4. Exploring EFL Learners’ Autonomy in Reading Comprehension: Computer-Assisted versus Conventional Contexts

Fereshteh Shirzad; Saman Ebadi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 93-128

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2019.44577.407

Abstract
  This study explored the autonomy of advanced English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners in reading comprehension through scaffolding and jigsaw in computer-assisted and conventional contexts. After being homogenized through the reading section of DIALANG proficiency test, a total of 80 female advanced ...  Read More

Research Paper Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
5. An Activity Theory Perspective on the Role of Cooperative Assessment in the Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Learners

Mina Bolghari; Parviz Birjandi; Parviz Maftoon

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 129-163

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2019.39946.375

Abstract
  Reading comprehension has recently been reconceptualized in EFL reading instruction to foreground the importance of putting a social perspective on learning. Developed as a crucial aspect of Vygotskian sociocultural theory, activity theory views reading as a socially-mediated activity, for which the ...  Read More

Research Paper Applied Linguistics
6. Psychometric Properties of Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) for Adults in the Iranian Context

Mahnaz Saeidi; Shahla Ostvar; Ali Derakhshan; Branton Shearer

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 165-194

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2019.48283.444

Abstract
  This study reports psychometric properties and derivation of norms for a Persian version of the Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) for Adults. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Persian versions, translated and validated by Saeidi, Ostovar, Shearer, ...  Read More

Research Paper Testing
7. A Study of Raters’ Behavior in Scoring L2 Speaking Performance: Using Rater Discussion as a Training Tool

Alireza Ahmadi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 195-224

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.49511.461

Abstract
  The studies conducted so far on the effectiveness of resolution methods including the discussion method in resolving discrepancies in rating have yielded mixed results. What is left unnoticed in the literature is the potential of discussion to be used as a training tool rather than a resolution method. ...  Read More

Research Paper Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
8. Investigating the Relationship between Teaching Styles and Emotional Intelligence among Iranian English Instructors

Sasan Baleghizadeh; Maryam Shakouri

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 225-248

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.28311.258

Abstract
  This study investigated the relationship between five teaching styles and emotional intelligence among 102 Iranian English instructors from different universities in Tehran, Iran. To this end, the data were obtained through two phases of quantitative and qualitative data collection. To achieve quantitative ...  Read More

Research Paper
9. Comparative Textbook Evaluation: Representation of Learning Objectives in Locally and Internationally Published ELT Textbooks

Ali Dabbagh; Alireza Safaei

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 249-277

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.48071.440

Abstract
  The present study evaluated the learning objectives represented in the recent Iranian nation-wide ELT textbooks, i.e. Prospect and Vision series, and compared them to those in the internationally-published textbook of Four Corners. To this end, Bloom’s revised taxonomy of learning objectives was ...  Read More

Research Paper Discourse Analysis
10. Pragmatic Competence Development: Demystifying the Impact of Task Types and EFL Students' Perceptions

Esmaeel Ali Salimi; Behnam Karami

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 279-302

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.48521.445

Abstract
  Interlanguage pragmatics, as an inseparable part of communicative competence, has been emphasized as an ultimate objective in language learning. This study explored the perceptions of Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) students regarding interlanguage pragmatics and the impact of textbooks tasks ...  Read More

Research Paper Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
11. Relationship between EFL Teachers' Emotional Intelligence, Reflective teaching, Autonomy and their Students' L2 Learning

Mohammad Hadi Mahmoodi; Vahid Mohammadi; Somaye Tofighi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 303-331

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.46938.430

Abstract
  This study set out to provide empirical evidence on the relationship between EFL teachers' emotional intelligence, reflectivity, and autonomy, and their students' L2 performance. The participants of this study included 88 EFL teachers who taught English at different private English teaching institutes ...  Read More

Research Paper
12. Construction and Validation of a Critical Pedagogy Questionnaire to Assess ELT Teachers: A Mixed-Method Study

Seyyed Mohammad Reza Adel; Ahmadreza Egtesadi; Fatemeh Sadeghi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 333-375

http://dx.doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.46289.421

Abstract
  The transformational approach (Freire, 1998) can be achieved through critical pedagogy. The present study describes the development and validation of a questionnaire to access critical pedagogy for evaluating teachers’ perceptions of critical pedagogy in two different contexts i.e. public and private ...  Read More