Teacher Education
Teacher Evaluation in EFL Context: Development and Validation of a Teacher Evaluation Questionnaire

Masoomeh Estaji; Mohsen Shafaghi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , December 2018, , Pages 147-187


  Teacher Evaluation (TE) is a critical and controversial process in the teaching profession and formal education system. Effective TE requires both sound policy implementation and efficient processes, affecting the efficiency of the education system. To present a framework for research and highlight the ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Investigating Iranian EFL Students’ Metacognitive Online Reading Strategies, Critical Thinking, and Their Relationship: A Mixed-Methods Study

Kobra Marboot; Ali Roohani; Azizullah Mirzaei

Volume 9, Issue 1 , June 2020, , Pages 151-182


  The digital information age requires skills and strategies that are crucial in comprehending online academic texts. Also, research has emphasized the crucial role of critical thinking (CT) in education. Thus, this explanatory sequential mixed-methods study aimed to (a) identify Iranian EFL students’ ...  Read More

Complementiser Phrase: The Case of English Wh-Embedded Clauses

Ali Akbar Jabbari; Ali Akbar Ariamanesh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2015, , Pages 155-131


  English main-clause wh-questions form complementiser phrases with wh-words preposed to spec-C position. This is because English wh-words, as verb-complements originally, are strong enough to trigger wh-movement and auxiliary inversion. Persian EFL learners encounter an over-differentiation problem regarding ...  Read More

A Corpus-driven Food Science and Technology Academic Word List

Rajab Esfandiari; Ghodsieh Moein

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2015, , Pages 157-131


  The overarching goal of this study was to create a list of the most frequently occurring academic words in Food Science and Technology (FST). To this end, a 4,652,444-word corpus called Food Science and Technology Research Articles (FSTRA), which included 1,421 research articles (RAs) randomly selected ...  Read More

Synchronous-Asynchronous Blending or Fully Real-Time Course Delivery? Implications for Distance Language Education

Fatemeh Nami

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 157-187


  Parallel with the global outbreak of Covid-19 disease in 2020 which widely affected the educational milieu, many institutions of higher education shifted to fully online blended and/or synchronous courses and programs. The extent to which each of these modalities (i.e. fully online blended courses versus ...  Read More

The Effect of Gloss Type and Mode on Iranian EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Acquisition

karim sadeghi; negar ahmadi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , June 2012, , Pages 159-188

  Vocabulary is an important component of language proficiency which provides the basis for learners’ performance in other skills. But, since vocabulary learning seems to be so demanding, learners tend to forget newly-learnt words quite soon. In order to identify vocabulary learning conditions which ...  Read More

The Construct of Willingness to Communicate and Its Relationship with EFL Learners’ Perceived Verbal and Nonverbal Teacher Immediacy

Maryam Gol; Amir Zand-Moghadam; Mohseni Karrab

Volume 3, Issue 1 , June 2014, , Pages 160-135

  Given the fact that developing an intimate relationship between teacher and students creates a safe learning environment (Harran, 2006), and because teacher immediacy is proved to increase students’ motivation for learning (Velez & Cano, 2008), this study was an attempt to explore the relationship ...  Read More

A Sequential Mixed Method Analysis of Students’ Burnout and Emotional Intelligence

Ali Roohani; Marziyeh Esmailvandi

Volume 5, Issue 1 , June 2016, , Pages 160-135


  Burnout has been a major concern in the educational settings and it is worth exploring it among English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students and finding its relationship with other factors, such as emotional intelligence (EI), which may help reduce burnout sources. In this light, this study was designed ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Teaching Quality of EFL Teachers: Do Years of Teaching Experience Matter?

Mehri Jalali

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2022, , Pages 161-186


  Quality of teaching plays an important role in students’ achievement which is the main goal of education. So far, teacher education has witnessed widespread reforms to improve this quality with no clear evidence to uphold the claim that experienced teachers are more competent than beginning teachers. ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Psychometric Properties of Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) for Adults in the Iranian Context

Mahnaz Saeidi; Shahla Ostvar; Ali Derakhshan; Branton Shearer

Volume 8, Issue 1 , June 2019, , Pages 165-194


  This study reports psychometric properties and derivation of norms for a Persian version of the Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) for Adults. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Persian versions, translated and validated by Saeidi, Ostovar, Shearer, ...  Read More

Concept-based Instruction and Teaching English Tense and Aspect to Iranian School Learners

Ali Mohammad Fazilatfar; Ali Akbar Jabbari; Rezvan Harsij

Volume 6, Issue 1 , June 2017, , Pages 179-145


  The present study examines the role of Gal’perin’s Concept-based Instruction (CBI) as a pedagogical approach in teaching cognitive grammar-based (CG-based) concepts of tense and aspect to EFL students. Following the sociocultural theory of L2 Acquisition (SCT), arming L2 learners with scientific ...  Read More

ESP Program in Iran: A Stakeholder-based Evaluation of the Program’s Goal, Methodology, and Textbook

Mahnaz Mostafaei Alaei; Ali Reza Ershadi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , December 2016, , Pages 306-279


  This study is an attempt to evaluate certain areas of the Iranian ESP program through the lens of its immediate stakeholders, i.e. policy implementers, authors, teachers and learners. Using questionnaires, interviews and classroom observations through a quantitative-qualitative mixed-method design, the ...  Read More

L2 Learners’ Lexical Inferencing: Perceptual Learning Style Preferences, Strategy Use, Density of Text, and Parts of Speech as Possible Predictors

Hossein Pourghasemian; Gholam Reza Zarei; Hassan Jalali

Volume 3, Issue 2 , December 2014, , Pages 315-287

  This study was intended first to categorize the L2 learners in terms of their learning style preferences and second to investigate if their learning preferences are related to lexical inferencing. Moreover, strategies used for lexical inferencing and text related issues of text density and parts of speech ...  Read More

Do the Emotionally More Intelligent Gain More from Metacognitive Writing Strategy Training?

Parviz Alavinia; Sara Razmi

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2012, , Pages 343-370

  Though privileges ascribed to various facets of language learning strategy training have long been espoused with regard to varied language skills and components, the role some individual variables such as emotional intelligence might play in this respect seems to have received very scant attention. The ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Proposing a Cognitive EFL Writing Model Based on Personality types and Narrative Writing Intelligence: A SEM Approach

Sima Ziaei; Behzad Ghonsooly; Zargham Ghabanchi; Hesamoddin Shahriari

Volume 8, Issue 2 , December 2019, , Pages 163-185


  The aim of this paper was to investigate the role of two cognitive factors, namely, personality traits and narrative writing intelligence (NWI) in L2 writing. The total of 416 English learners participated in this study in two different phases. For the purpose of this study, a narrative writing intelligence ...  Read More

Teacher Education
A Case Study of Three EFL Teachers’ Cognition in Oral Corrective Feedback: Does Experience Make a Difference?

Shahab Moradkhani; Ahmad Goodarzi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , June 2020, , Pages 183-211


  Even though many classroom-based studies reported the possible advantages of oral corrective feedback (OCF) for language learning, little information is available about teachers’ beliefs about OCF in classrooms and its relationship with their experience. This study attempted to compare the stated ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Developing Productive Teacher Immunity by Providing Tailor-Made Teacher Education: A Constructive Endeavor?

Leila Dobakhti; Mohammad Zohrabi; Sevda Masoudi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2022, , Pages 187-217


  The present study strived to determine the utility of tailor-made and learner-difference-based teacher education for the amelioration of the EFL teachers’ productive teacher immunity. To this end, 62 EFL teachers were selected from 12 language institutes in Urmia, Iran. The participants were randomly ...  Read More

How Attitude, Self-efficacy, and Job Satisfaction Relate with Teaching Strategies?

mojgan rashtchi; beheshteh jabalameli

Volume 1, Issue 1 , June 2012, , Pages 189-224

  The primary purpose of the present study was to explore whether there was any significant relationship between attitude, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction of Iranian EFL teachers on the one hand, and their choice of teaching strategies. Strategies mostly used by participants of the study with low, ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Learning to Become L2 Teachers: Prospective Teachers’ Professional Identity Development

Mahsa Mahmoodarabi; Parviz Maftoon; Masood Siyyari

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 189-221


  Learning to teach is conceptualized as a complex process of identity development. To address this process, this study explored Prospective Teachers’ (PTs) professional identity development at different stages of learning to teach within a four-year Second Language (L2) initial teacher education ...  Read More

A Study of Raters’ Behavior in Scoring L2 Speaking Performance: Using Rater Discussion as a Training Tool

Alireza Ahmadi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , June 2019, , Pages 195-224


  The studies conducted so far on the effectiveness of resolution methods including the discussion method in resolving discrepancies in rating have yielded mixed results. What is left unnoticed in the literature is the potential of discussion to be used as a training tool rather than a resolution method. ...  Read More

Language Skills
The Role of Visual Scaffolding in Enhancing Iranian EFL Students’ Writing Ability

Mahnaz Mostafaei Alaei; Amir Kardoust; Abdulbaset Saeedian

Volume 8, Issue 2 , December 2019, , Pages 187-211


  To better illuminate the link between scaffolding and visual aids, this quasi-experimental study attempted to scaffold an intact group of 14 intermediate-level Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) learners through providing graphs with the aim of enhancing their writing ability. Ensuring lack ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
The Influence of Learning Styles and Input Modalities on the Simultaneous Attention to Form and Meaning

Mastaneh Haghani

Volume 9, Issue 1 , June 2020, , Pages 213-243


  Second language acquisition (SLA) research suggests that learners differ in the extent to which they can direct their attention to the meaning and form of the input. Among various factors responsible for this discrepancy, learning style by itself or along with other factors might influence the process, ...  Read More

Prediction of Iranian EFL Learners’ Production of Request Speech Act and Communication Apprehension by the Big Five Personality Traits

Meisam Mirzaei Shojakhanlou; Raziyea Mahmoudi; Farahman Farrokhi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2022, , Pages 219-254


  Given that students’ personality traits can have a powerful role in language learning, this study sought to investigate how well L2 leaners’ communication apprehension and request speech act can be predicted through the components of the Big Five Personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, ...  Read More

The Effects of Age, Gender, Teaching Experience, Teaching Context, and Academic Degree on Iranian English Teachers’ Classroom Management Behaviors

Mansoor Ganji; Fatemeh Musaie Sejzehie

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 223-253


  Research has shown that classroom management plays a critical role in facilitating effective learning, making it a permanent concern for teachers as well as researchers. In the related literature, one area which needs further consideration is to explore the effect of different personal and contextual ...  Read More