Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
The Effects of Scaffolding Techniques on IELTS Candidates' Horizontal Grammatical Variability: A Mixed Method Study

Hamed Abbasi Mojdehi; Abbas Ali Zarei; Rajab Esfandiari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 October 2022

  Grammatical accuracy has always been a concern for most Iranian EFL learners. This grammatical variability is more visible in the writing of Iranian IELTS candidates. In this study, the impacts of (distributed, peer and reciprocal scaffolding on IELTS learners' horizontal grammatical variability ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
The Effect of Conceptual Metaphor on Writing Creativity and Metacognitive Writing Awareness

Ghasem Vadipoor; Rajab Esfandiari; Mohammad Bagher Shabani

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 33-66

  The present paper examines the theory of conceptual metaphor, using the theoretical framework of the cognitive writing model to improve EFL learners’ writing creativity and metacognitive writing awareness. To that end, 120 male and female EFL Bachelor-of-Arts (BA) students majoring in English language ...  Read More

Interlanguage Pragmatics (ILP)
Cultivating L2 Pragmatic Comprehension through Computerized vs. Non-Computerized Instruction, Multiuser Virtual Environments (MUVEs) and Mobile Augmented Reality Games (MARGs)

Amir shakouri; Ali Malmir; Rajab Esfandiari

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 313-358

  Pragmatic comprehension is a central albeit under-researched dimension of pragmatic competence in which most EFL learners suffer from serious deficiencies; therefore, the current study was launched to compare the effects of the Non-Computer Mediated Instruction (NCMI) with Computer-Mediated Instruction ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Morphological Complexity Across Descriptive, Expository, and Narrative Text Types in Iranian Lower-Intermediate Language Learners

Rajab Esfandiari; Hajar Jafari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 237-267

  Morphological complexity is one of the dimensions of complexity that has been increasingly analyzed over the last few years. However, results from previous studies drawing on only a single text type are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of text types (descriptive, narrative, ...  Read More

A Corpus-driven Food Science and Technology Academic Word List

Rajab Esfandiari; Ghodsieh Moein

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2015, , Pages 157-131

  The overarching goal of this study was to create a list of the most frequently occurring academic words in Food Science and Technology (FST). To this end, a 4,652,444-word corpus called Food Science and Technology Research Articles (FSTRA), which included 1,421 research articles (RAs) randomly selected ...  Read More