Discourse Analysis
Learning English Vocabulary through VOA News Lessons: Being Exposed to Authentic Material or Electronic Colonialism

Faeze Soleimanifard; Biook Behnam; Saeideh Ahangari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 67-103

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.53482.519

Abstract
  Teaching and learning languages via the Internet is becoming increasingly common all over the world and therefore, the experts growingly debate around the positive or negative effects of online education. The present study aimed to critically investigate into science and technology lessons of the VOA ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Task Implementation and EFL Learners’ Attention to Form: Examining the Effects of Pre-Task Planning and Post-Task transcription

Masoud Saeedi

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 67-96

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.67865.697

Abstract
  There is ample research evidence indicating that task implementation options and design features differentially affect the linguistic quality of second language (L2) oral output. The overarching aim of the current research was to add to the available body of research findings by investigating what effects ...  Read More

The Effect of Instruction on the Development of Voice in EFL Argumentative Writing

Shiva Keivanpanah; Nafiseh Khakbaz

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 89-119

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.52303.497

Abstract
  While a growing body of research has attempted to analyze how voice is deployed in argumentative writing, much work remains to be done in instructing voice elements. Therefore, the present study examined the effect of instruction based on Martin and White’s (2005) Engagement framework and Hyland’s ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
The Discursive Construction of Academic Writing Expertise: A Case Study of Developing from an Outsider to a Contributor Role in a Discourse Community

Farzaneh Dehghan

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 95-119

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.62987.620

Abstract
  This study aims at exploring the developmental process from a novice writer to an expert academic contributor from a discursive viewpoint. Using a cross-sectional research design, the researcher was in contact with five graduate students (from M.A. to PhD) via semi-structured interviews and online communication. ...  Read More

Psycholinguistics
Focusing on the Comprehension Challenge of Different Passive Structure Types by EFL Learners

Mohammad Saber Khaghaninejad; Mohammad Hadi Eal

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 97-117

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.68505.708

Abstract
  Much of the research on the comprehension of passive sentences has targeted healthy adults, L1 acquirers and people with aphasia. However, a topic that lacks evidence is the comprehension challenges of EFL learners facing different passive structure types. Consequently, this study investigated the comprehension ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Developing a Competency Model for EAP Teachers: Insights from Internationalization of Higher Education

Amir Zand-Moghadam; Morteza Taheri; Maryam Bolouri

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 105-146

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.60017.587

Abstract
  The teachers' competencies in the process of internationalization of higher education (IHE) are of vital importance (Brandenburg & Federkeil, 2007; van der Werf, 2012). The extent of IHE in a university is in a close relationship with the teachers' competencies (Harari, 1981). However, the required ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Developing and Assessing Intercultural Competence through Ethnographic Interviews in the Domestic Context of Teacher Education in Iran

Mehri Jalali

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 119-144

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.63670.636

Abstract
  Although the importance of intercultural competence (IC) training has been increasingly recognized in recent scholarly reviews, home-based approaches invite further investigation in this paradigm. This study aims to make a contribution by exposing a domestic context to assess IC development through using ...  Read More

ESP & EAP
A Corpus Investigation of the Third-Person Singular Simple Present Tense Suffix in English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) Academic Writing

Fahimeh Marefat; Tahereh Soleimani

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 119-143

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.71739.751

Abstract
  With the spread of English, the conception of English is currently changing into English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) worldwide. However, the form of English teaching and learning is still identified by reference to native-speaker norms. In response to the increasing use of ELF and an emergent need to describe ...  Read More

A Socio-linguistic Study on Relational Identity and Language Learning Performance within Iranian English Language Learners: A Focus on Parental Involvement

Mahsa Abedi; Marjan Vosoughi; Mohammad Ali Kowsary

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 121-153

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2020.53444.516

Abstract
  In this study, the researchers intended to screen English language learning perceptions on four relational contexts including language learners’ family members, English teachers, classmates and their best friends. To this aim, a group of Iranian adolescents (no=38), with an age range of 12-16 were ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Examining the Effect of Scaffolding Instruction on Critical Thinking Skills of Iranian EFL Learners

Emad Mohammed Qadir; Nouroddin Yousofi

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 145-170

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.60798.593

Abstract
  In recent years, the importance of thinking skills in education has attracted the attention of researchers. To this end, this study investigated the effect of scaffolding and implicit instructions on the critical thinking skills (i.e., inference, evaluation, analysis, inductive and deductive reasoning) ...  Read More

Teacher Education
The Relationship among Language Teacher Immunity, Reflective Teaching, and Work Motivation in EFL Context

Seyed Mohammad Reza Amirian; Tahereh Heydarnejad; Saeed Abbasi-Sosfadi

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 145-172

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.67179.691

Abstract
  Teachers have the power to change their students' lives for the better, therefore teachers should be armed with some skills to be effective. Reflective teaching as one of these skills empowers teachers to observe and evaluate themselves. Although research on reflective teaching has a long tradition, ...  Read More

Testing
Examining the Fairness of the University Entrance Exam: A Latent Class Analysis Approach to Differential Item Functioning

Sayyed Mohammad Alavi; Hossein Karami; Mohammad Hossein Kouhpaeenejad

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 147-170

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.60283.588

Abstract
  Measurement has been ubiquitous in all areas of education for at least a century. Various methods have been suggested to examine the fairness of education tests especially in high-stakes contexts. The present study has adopted the newly proposed ecological approach to differential item functioning (DIF) ...  Read More

Interlanguage Pragmatics (ILP)
Content Analysis of Iranian High School English Textbooks in terms of Politeness Markers, Speech Acts, and Language Functions

Reza Bagheri Nevisi; Alireza Moghadasi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 155-184

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.54493.529

Abstract
  Considering the indispensable role pragmatic knowledge plays in not only comprehending L2 materials, but also in making and maintaining proper communication, and the fact that Iranian EFL learners are primarily exposed to the target language through textbooks, this research intended to discern how frequently ...  Read More

Discourse Analysis
Exploring the Recycling of Objective Move Across RA Sections in Soft Science Disciplines

Kimia Soltani; Davud Kuhi; Nasrin Hadidi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 171-200

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.58794.572

Abstract
  Although a plethora of research endeavors have investigated the rhetorical structure of the Research Articles (RAs) through the lens of move analysis, Move Recycling (MR) across RA sections has remained unnoticed. The current study sought to bridge this gap by exploring cross-disciplinary variations ...  Read More

Materials Development & Textbook Analysis
Iranian EFL Teachers’ Conceptions and Practices of Communicative Language Teaching Curriculum

Amir Kardoust; Abdulbaset Saeedian

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 171-202

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.58226.569

Abstract
  Enabling learners to communicate both in an inter-personal level and with people of other nations is greatly emphasized in language learning programs. The present study seeks to analyze the conceptions of Iranian teachers after they implemented the new communicative language teaching (CLT) curriculum. ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
The Influence of Task Complexity Manipulation on Iranian EFL Learners’ Learning of Transitional Devices

Touraj Talaee; Hossein Ahmadi; Faramarz Azizmalayeri

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 173-204

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.69326.726

Abstract
  Task complexity has recently attracted great attention in second language (L2) studies. However, its potential impacts on learning transitional devices have not been considered. The current study was an attempt to analyze the impacts of manipulating task complexity conditions on EFL learners’ grammatical ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Source of Errors in English Headless Relative Clauses Produced by Persian Learners/Speakers of English

Khadijeh Karimi Alavijeh

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 185-217

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.54379.528

Abstract
  This paper focuses on errors made by Persian learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) when producing English headless relative clauses (RCs). Although English does not allow interrogative structure in headless RCs, Persian EFL learners tend to produce them in the interrogative form. In the course ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Development and Validation of an English Language Teacher Professional Identity Scale (ELTPIS)

Mahsa Mahmoodarabi; Parviz Maftoon; Masood Siyyari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 201-237

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.59441.579

Abstract
  The notion of teacher professional identity has become a regular fixture in numerous theoretical and empirical studies in both mainstream and L2 teacher education. Consequently, a number of scales have been designed and developed to quantify this construct. To be sure, the extant instruments are general ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Task Motivation and Transfer of Learning across Tasks: The Case of Learning the English Definite Article

Saeed Safdari

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 203-232

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.63219.625

Abstract
  Task motivation has recently gained prominence in second language (L2) research. However, its potential effects on the transfer of learning across tasks have not been investigated. The present study sought to deal with this issue through a mixed-methods approach. A total of 82 intermediate English learners ...  Read More

CALL & MALL
The Effects of Web-based Dynamic Assessment on Grammatical Accuracy and Autonomy of Iranian EFL Learners and Their Attitudes to Web-based Dynamic Assessment

َAbolfazl fathi; Mortaza Aslrasouli; Davud Kuhi

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 205-236

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.67266.688

Abstract
  Abstract The necessity of using online education during the Coronal virus pandemic and the barriers created by the absence of face-to-face instruction has shifted the researchers’ focus to web-based instruction and assessment. In this regard, an explanatory sequential mixed-methods design was selected ...  Read More

ESP & EAP
Online EAP Courses amid COVID-19: On the Effectiveness of the Vocabulary, Grammar, & Reading Comprehension Components

Masoud Azizi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 219-244

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.53174.511

Abstract
  The COVID-19 pandemic pushed all universities to offer all programs online, but not all instructors were prepared for such an abrupt transformation. Online education can be very challenging both to the instructors and the institutions and has several subtleties that make it quite different from the face-to-face ...  Read More

Psycholinguistics
Hidden Curriculum Components, Learners’ National Identity, and Self-Efficacy: A Model for Iranian EFL Teachers

Zeinab Sazegar; Hamid Ashraf; Khalil Motallebzadeh

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 233-267

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2022.61181.599

Abstract
  Much of what educators address is the overt curriculum; however, there is a hidden curriculum that affects education in a very profound manner. In view of that, the purpose of the present study is to determine the relationship of EFL teachers’ perspectives on hidden curriculum components in the ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Morphological Complexity Across Descriptive, Expository, and Narrative Text Types in Iranian Lower-Intermediate Language Learners

Rajab Esfandiari; Hajar Jafari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 237-267

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.59736.580

Abstract
  Morphological complexity is one of the dimensions of complexity that has been increasingly analyzed over the last few years. However, results from previous studies drawing on only a single text type are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of text types (descriptive, narrative, ...  Read More

Interlanguage Pragmatics (ILP)
Request Speech Act Production Differences: A Case of Iranian EFLs and ESLs

Reza Bagheri Nevisi; Rasoul Mohammad Hosseinpur; Elahe Yazdankhah

Volume 12, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 237-270

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2023.70358.742

Abstract
  There have been a number of research concentrating on the request production of ESL/EFL, and native speakers. There have been some studies investigating the production of request speech act of EFLs and ESLs. However, no research has yet focused on the production differences of request speech act among ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
The Effectiveness and Rank of Metalinguistic Corrective Feedback Strategies on Written Grammatical Performance: Monolingual Persian vis-à-vis Bilingual Turkmen EFL Learners

Maryam Moazzeni Limoudehi; Omid Mazandarani; Behzad Ghonsooly; Jila Naeini

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 245-284

https://doi.org/10.22054/ilt.2021.55093.535

Abstract
  Much uncertainty still exists about the possible role of myriads external and internal mediating variables such as language backgrounds and ethnicities in the process of corrective feedback (CF). To address the issue, 79 monolingual Persians and 79 bilingual Turkmens aged between 13 and 18 from two language ...  Read More