Discourse Analysis
Learning English Vocabulary through VOA News Lessons: Being Exposed to Authentic Material or Electronic Colonialism

Faeze Soleimanifard; Biook Behnam; Saeideh Ahangari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 67-103


  Teaching and learning languages via the Internet is becoming increasingly common all over the world and therefore, the experts growingly debate around the positive or negative effects of online education. The present study aimed to critically investigate into science and technology lessons of the VOA ...  Read More

The Effect of Instruction on the Development of Voice in EFL Argumentative Writing

Shiva Keivanpanah; Nafiseh Khakbaz

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 89-119


  While a growing body of research has attempted to analyze how voice is deployed in argumentative writing, much work remains to be done in instructing voice elements. Therefore, the present study examined the effect of instruction based on Martin and White’s (2005) Engagement framework and Hyland’s ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
The Discursive Construction of Academic Writing Expertise: A Case Study of Developing from an Outsider to a Contributor Role in a Discourse Community

Farzaneh Dehghan

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 95-119


  This study aims at exploring the developmental process from a novice writer to an expert academic contributor from a discursive viewpoint. Using a cross-sectional research design, the researcher was in contact with five graduate students (from M.A. to PhD) via semi-structured interviews and online communication. ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Developing a Competency Model for EAP Teachers: Insights from Internationalization of Higher Education

Amir Zand-Moghadam; Morteza Taheri; Maryam Bolouri

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 105-146


  The teachers' competencies in the process of internationalization of higher education (IHE) are of vital importance (Brandenburg & Federkeil, 2007; van der Werf, 2012). The extent of IHE in a university is in a close relationship with the teachers' competencies (Harari, 1981). However, the required ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
Developing and Assessing Intercultural Competence through Ethnographic Interviews in the Domestic Context of Teacher Education in Iran

Mehri Jalali

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 119-144


  Although the importance of intercultural competence (IC) training has been increasingly recognized in recent scholarly reviews, home-based approaches invite further investigation in this paradigm. This study aims to make a contribution by exposing a domestic context to assess IC development through using ...  Read More

A Socio-linguistic Study on Relational Identity and Language Learning Performance within Iranian English Language Learners: A Focus on Parental Involvement

Mahsa Abedi; Marjan Vosoughi; Mohammad Ali Kowsary

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 121-153


  In this study, the researchers intended to screen English language learning perceptions on four relational contexts including language learners’ family members, English teachers, classmates and their best friends. To this aim, a group of Iranian adolescents (no=38), with an age range of 12-16 were ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Examining the Effect of Scaffolding Instruction on Critical Thinking Skills of Iranian EFL Learners

Emad Mohammed Qadir; Nouroddin Yousofi

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 145-170


  In recent years, the importance of thinking skills in education has attracted the attention of researchers. To this end, this study investigated the effect of scaffolding and implicit instructions on the critical thinking skills (i.e., inference, evaluation, analysis, inductive and deductive reasoning) ...  Read More

Examining the Fairness of the University Entrance Exam: A Latent Class Analysis Approach to Differential Item Functioning

Sayyed Mohammad Alavi; Hossein Karami; Mohammad Hossein Kouhpaeenejad

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 147-170


  Measurement has been ubiquitous in all areas of education for at least a century. Various methods have been suggested to examine the fairness of education tests especially in high-stakes contexts. The present study has adopted the newly proposed ecological approach to differential item functioning (DIF) ...  Read More

Interlanguage Pragmatics (ILP)
Content Analysis of Iranian High School English Textbooks in terms of Politeness Markers, Speech Acts, and Language Functions

Reza Bagheri Nevisi; Alireza Moghadasi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 155-184


  Considering the indispensable role pragmatic knowledge plays in not only comprehending L2 materials, but also in making and maintaining proper communication, and the fact that Iranian EFL learners are primarily exposed to the target language through textbooks, this research intended to discern how frequently ...  Read More

Discourse Analysis
Exploring the Recycling of Objective Move Across RA Sections in Soft Science Disciplines

Kimia Soltani; Davud Kuhi; Nasrin Hadidi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 171-200


  Although a plethora of research endeavors have investigated the rhetorical structure of the Research Articles (RAs) through the lens of move analysis, Move Recycling (MR) across RA sections has remained unnoticed. The current study sought to bridge this gap by exploring cross-disciplinary variations ...  Read More

Materials Development & Textbook Analysis
Iranian EFL Teachers’ Conceptions and Practices of Communicative Language Teaching Curriculum

Amir Kardoust; Abdulbaset Saeedian

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 171-202


  Enabling learners to communicate both in an inter-personal level and with people of other nations is greatly emphasized in language learning programs. The present study seeks to analyze the conceptions of Iranian teachers after they implemented the new communicative language teaching (CLT) curriculum. ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Source of Errors in English Headless Relative Clauses Produced by Persian Learners/Speakers of English

Khadijeh Karimi Alavijeh

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 185-217


  This paper focuses on errors made by Persian learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) when producing English headless relative clauses (RCs). Although English does not allow interrogative structure in headless RCs, Persian EFL learners tend to produce them in the interrogative form. In the course ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Development and Validation of an English Language Teacher Professional Identity Scale (ELTPIS)

Mahsa Mahmoodarabi; Parviz Maftoon; Masood Siyyari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 201-237


  The notion of teacher professional identity has become a regular fixture in numerous theoretical and empirical studies in both mainstream and L2 teacher education. Consequently, a number of scales have been designed and developed to quantify this construct. To be sure, the extant instruments are general ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Task Motivation and Transfer of Learning across Tasks: The Case of Learning the English Definite Article

Saeed Safdari

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 203-232


  Task motivation has recently gained prominence in second language (L2) research. However, its potential effects on the transfer of learning across tasks have not been investigated. The present study sought to deal with this issue through a mixed-methods approach. A total of 82 intermediate English learners ...  Read More

Online EAP Courses amid COVID-19: On the Effectiveness of the Vocabulary, Grammar, & Reading Comprehension Components

Masoud Azizi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 219-244


  The COVID-19 pandemic pushed all universities to offer all programs online, but not all instructors were prepared for such an abrupt transformation. Online education can be very challenging both to the instructors and the institutions and has several subtleties that make it quite different from the face-to-face ...  Read More

Hidden Curriculum Components, Learners’ National Identity, and Self-Efficacy: A Model for Iranian EFL Teachers

Zeinab Sazegar; Hamid Ashraf; Khalil Motallebzadeh

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 233-267


  Much of what educators address is the overt curriculum; however, there is a hidden curriculum that affects education in a very profound manner. In view of that, the purpose of the present study is to determine the relationship of EFL teachers’ perspectives on hidden curriculum components in the ...  Read More

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
Morphological Complexity Across Descriptive, Expository, and Narrative Text Types in Iranian Lower-Intermediate Language Learners

Rajab Esfandiari; Hajar Jafari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 237-267


  Morphological complexity is one of the dimensions of complexity that has been increasingly analyzed over the last few years. However, results from previous studies drawing on only a single text type are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of text types (descriptive, narrative, ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
The Effectiveness and Rank of Metalinguistic Corrective Feedback Strategies on Written Grammatical Performance: Monolingual Persian vis-à-vis Bilingual Turkmen EFL Learners

Maryam Moazzeni Limoudehi; Omid Mazandarani; Behzad Ghonsooly; Jila Naeini

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 245-284


  Much uncertainty still exists about the possible role of myriads external and internal mediating variables such as language backgrounds and ethnicities in the process of corrective feedback (CF). To address the issue, 79 monolingual Persians and 79 bilingual Turkmens aged between 13 and 18 from two language ...  Read More

Materials Development & Textbook Analysis
Global Coursebooks in the Course of Time: The Case of Interchange Level 2

Seyyedeh Fahimeh Parsaiyan; Kazhal Garshasbi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 269-300


  AbstractAlthough global English Language Teaching (ELT) coursebooks have been subject to numerous (critical) analyses, the changes occurring to their contents over different editions have received scarce attention. In this study, the researchers examined the transformations over different editions of ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Coping Strategies Employed by EFL Teachers to Avoid Classroom Management Constraints: Scale Development and Validation

Seyed Reza Beh-Afarin; Mohammad Shakerkhoshroudi; Jahanbakhsh Nikoopour

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 269-299


  Classroom management constraints and how English teachers cope with or remove them effectively have significantly impacted both EFL teachers and teacher educators. However, the coping strategies employed by teachers with high and low levels of expertise have not been thoroughly explored yet. To this ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Uncovering Domains of Novice Language Teachers’ Professional Decision Making and Pedagogical Reasoning

Zia Tajeddin; Mozhgan Soleimani

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 281-312


  Decision-making and pedagogical reasoning constitute the foundation of teacher professional practice. This qualitative study was conducted to explore novice Iranian EFL teachers’ professional decision-making and pedagogical reasoning in the three domains of (1) planning and preparation, (2) classroom ...  Read More

Teacher Education
Modeling Structural Relationship Between Perceived Organizational Support and Quality of Work Life Among Secondary School Teachers of English as a Foreign Language

Yahya Gordani; Arash Saharkhiz Arabani; Masoumeh Arjmandi; Davood Taghipour Bazargani

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 285-309


  Teachers’ quality of work life (QWL) is an umbrella concept that refers to the degree of satisfaction a teacher experiences with respect to his or her job and the overall work situations which are influenced by three factors of organizational support including participation in decision making, ...  Read More

Applied Linguistics
EFL Learners’ Perception of Task Experience Through Flow Outlook: Task Complexity and Modality in Focus

Leila Ghasemi; Ehsan Rezvani; Ehsan Namaziandost

Volume 10, Issue 1 , June 2021, , Pages 301-334


  Regardless of the appreciation of language learners’ achievement in task-based language teaching, not much has been hinged upon learners’ perception and reception of various elements. This study examined task complexity and modality effects on Iranian EFL learners’ comprehension of ...  Read More

Discourse Analysis
Grammatical Complexity in Research Articles: Iranian Local Journals and International Journals

Seyed Foad Ebrahimi; Samaneh Imandar

Volume 10, Issue 2 , December 2021, , Pages 301-323


  This study aimed to investigate the grammatical complexity based on Biber, Gray, Staples, and Egbert’s (2020) linguistic description in research articles published in Iranian local journals and international journals. The corpus of the study included 40 Applied Linguistics research articles, 20 ...  Read More

The primary and secondary effects of data-driven learning on high- and low-intermediate learners’ Knowledge of collocations

Afsaneh Saeedakhtar

Volume 9, Issue 2 , December 2020, , Pages 311-346


  The present study scrutinized the role of data-driven learning in recognizing and producing collocations by high- and low-intermediate learners of English. Moreover, the influence of secondary effect (or transfer of training) on learning secondary collocations (collocations not provided in concordancing ...  Read More