Iranian EFL Learners’ Motivation Construction: Integrative Motivation Revisited

Nasser Rashidi; Mohammad Rahimi; Zahra Alimorad

Volume 2, Issue 1 , June 2013, , Pages 101-124

  Although Gardner and his associates’ work was most influential in the field of L2 motivation, from the early 1990s onwards, their work has been criticized for several reasons. Some researchers claimed that integrative and instrumental orientations were no longer able to convey the complexity of ...  Read More